2.13 Bloodborne Pathogens
The OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard covers all employees with "reasonably anticipated" exposure to human blood, blood products, or other material capable of transmitting HIV, HBV, HCV and other bloodborne diseases. The law requires that employers develop and implement an Exposure Control Plan that:
- Identifies job titles and tasks where exposure may occur.
- Describes the procedures that will be used to minimize exposure risk:
- Working at BSL-2 with emphasis on engineering controls as the preferred type of control measure
- Adopting Universal Precautions-treating all human blood, certain body fluids, and other materials as if they were known to be infectious for bloodborne diseases.
- Details procedures to ensure rapid follow-up treatment consistent with current medical recommendations for employees, paid for by the employer, in the event of an exposure incident.
- Offers affected employees the HBV vaccine free of charge and the option of accepting it at any later date if the initial offer is declined.
- Provides a schedule for the regular cleaning and decontamination of work surfaces.
- Provides employees with initial and annual update training focused on work practices that will minimize their risk of exposure.
EH&S conducts mandatory safety training sessions in a classroom setting monthly. Personnel receiving training for the first time must attend a live training session. The requirement for annual re-training may be satisfied by either attendance at a classroom session or by logging on to RASCAL where review material and a short quiz are provided online.
A hard copy of the required Exposure Control Plan is available from EH&S, or can be accessed at: http://www.ehs.columbia.edu/ExposureControlPlan.pdf
PIs are responsible for modifying the plan with site (laboratory)-specific information as required by the regulation.